SPECIAL REPORT: The dramatic rise and fall of iron ore producers and the recent surge in gold and lithium stocks have been highlighted by a historic review of WA’s major listed companies.
The dramatic rise and fall of iron ore producers and the recent surge in gold and lithium stocks have been highlighted by a historic review of WA’s major listed companies.
WHEN Business News started its annual shareholder return survey in 2003, companies such as Foodland, Futuris, Bristile and Chemeq were among the leading stocks in Western Australia.
Sons of Gwalia was the biggest gold miner and Portman the biggest iron ore miner (among Perth-headquartered companies).
Thirteen years on, all of those companies have either been taken over or collapsed; in their place have emerged companies that either didn’t exist a decade ago, or were a fraction of their current size.
The accompanying table shows how dramatically the profile of business in WA has changed over this period.
WA’s top 30 listed companies now include nine gold miners – a record number since the survey started.
A decade ago there was only one gold miner on the list – Centamin Egypt.
In 2016, the gold miners are led by Northern Star Resources, which has emerged rapidly over the past few years and is worth more than $3 billion.
Mining companies comprise 18 of the top 30 stocks, which highlights the continued importance of this sector in WA.
That is down a little from 2011, when there were 21 mining companies in the top 30.
More significantly, the profile of those companies has changed profoundly.
Only five companies have stayed in the top-30 list through the entire period.
Wesfarmers was the state’s biggest company in 2003 and is still there today, with a market value of $45 billion.
In the intervening period, there were many years when Woodside Petroleum pipped Wesfarmers as the state’s largest company, but it’s now back at number two, with a market value about half that of the diversified conglomerate.
Mineral sands miner Iluka Resources, property investor BWP Trust, and Seven West Media (formerly West Australian Newspapers Holdings) are the only other companies to have stayed on the list throughout.
For a period in 2008, Fortescue was actually WA’s number two company; at that time, it had a bigger market value than Wesfarmers, which was weighed down by large debts after its Coles Group takeover.
Several companies have dropped off the list for a variety of reasons.
A relatively small number has collapsed – these include the likes of Chemeq, Sons of Gwalia, Great Southern and Kagara Zinc.
Others have changed ownership but continue to trade under the same name.
Bankwest was the state’s third largest listed company in 2003 – it’s now a wholly owned subsidiary of Commonwealth Bank.
Alinta Energy was the state’s fourth largest company in 2007 – after an extensive restructuring, it’s now owned by private equity groups led by TPG Capital.
While the gold and lithium booms have delivered big returns for investors over recent times, it’s notable that the combined value of WA’s top 30 stocks has waned markedly – from $135 billion in 2011 to $116 billion this year.
Companies such as Woodside, Fortescue and Iluka account for a big part of this decline.
Another big contributor is the disappearance or decline of many boom-time stocks.
More worrying for investors has been the collapsing value of companies such as Atlas Iron, Mount Gibson Iron, uranium miner Paladin Energy, and Aquarius Platinum (which was bought this year for a fraction of its peak value).
The dramatic rise and fall of these stocks should serve as a note of caution for investors riding the current gold and lithium surge.