The City of Fremantle is a coastal port city bounded by the Indian Ocean and the Swan River. It is located 20 km from Perth. The City of Fremantle was established in 1829 as a port for the Swan River Colony and was the major city in Western Australia for much of its early history. Fremantle's unique character is captured by its landscape, heritage architecture, music, arts and culture, festivals, retail stores and markets, cafés and restaurants which all contribute to its village style atmosphere - making it a popular destination for local and international visitors. Suburbs within the City include Beaconsfield, Fremantle, Hilton, North Fremantle, O'Connor, Samson, South Fremantle, and White Gum Valley.